Libor Rigging Trial Ends With 14 Year Sentence

libor rigging tril eds with 14 yr sentence

First Trial in LIBOR Manipulation Cases

The news came across the tape as London opened. The judge returned a Guilty Verdict in LIBOR rigging case.  This was the first LIBOR rigging case that went to trial.  The defendant was sentenced to spend 14 years behind bars for his role in the LIBOR manipulation charges of which he was accused.  Mr. Hayes is a somewhat nerdy man who’s said to have Asperger’s Syndrome, with a bit of larceny in his heart and a tad disassociation between the truth and a lie.   Well, all things considered at least he’ll be among people with similar maladies.

Loss of Freedom, Loss of money & Loss of Lives

My mind thought back over the events of the past 7 years.  The madness of the funding crisis, the US wholesale printing of money to provide the needed liquidity, etc.  Then began the news reports of bankers committing suicide.  In January 2015, news sources counted 72 suspicious deaths by bankers or mid-level executives of financial institutions.

Other media outlets on the internet looked for the reason “why” they’d died, what might be behind the deaths. One such organization, citing the woes of a particular banker stated that the underlying reason was that he was “making less money than he used to”.  Huh? ::::Hoping you can see my blank and incredulous face through the screen::::

Having lived through several booms and busts, I’ve never seen this level of lives lost – 72 people!  1987 didn’t see 72 people take their lives.  Granted that event was quicker and ended with a nice rally back through to new highs.  But plenty of people ran short of liquidity.  Why these people died prematurely may be answered over time, but it’s likely to be different from person to person.  But at it’s center, its doubtful money was a huge piece of the puzzle.  Perhaps the prospect of jail was enough.

The Machiavelli of LIBOR?

Media loves to assign monikers.  Nicknames for people who have committed heinous acts. But it seems disingenuous to the public who deserve to know what actually happened.  However when third party reportage is all that’s available explosive headlines and ridiculous hyperbole are used to capture and maintain their reader’s attention.

This man, for better or worse was proven guilty by the facts.  Mr. Hayes will live the next 14 years in prison and the rest of his life with his reputation in ruins.  To what end?

But instead the headlines cast him “The Machiavelli of LIBOR”!  If it weren’t so sad, I’d lol.  For all I know his middle name is Machiavelli.  But he certainly bears no resemblance to Niccolo Machiavelli the 16th century diplomat-philosopher.  For those journo’s out there who are interested, this is a good peice on this complex man.    That aside, I feel compassion for his family and loved ones.  I feel bad for the children who will visit their father once a month behind a prison wall.

$6 billion of Prevention But no Cure

In late May 2015 it was announced that roughly $6 billion in fines were paid by 5 banks in connection with LIBOR, cross currency Basis Swap and FX rigging.  You can read Business Insider’s piece here 

Forbes also had a good piece on the same day, the details of which you can read here  

Details of the Fines

  • In 2012, UBS cooperated with a DOJ investigation in order to avoid criminal charges in connection with currency rigging.
  • Total fines: $545 million
    • $203 million criminal fine to the DOJ in connection to LIBOR rate rigging
    • $342 million to the Federal Reserve in connection with its forex investigation (no criminal charges)


  • Total fines: $2.4 billion
  • Eight additional employees fired for their roles in forex manipulation
  • Fine breakdown:
    • $650 million criminal fine to the DOJ, plus an additional $60 million fine for violating a non-prosecution agreement. So $710 million to the DOJ total.
    • $342 million to the Federal Reserve in connection with its forex investigation
    • £284 million (about $443 million) to the UK’s Financial Conduct Authority
    • $485 million to the New York State Department of Financial Services
    • $400 million to the CFTC


  • Fines:
    • $925 million criminal fine to the DOJ
    • $342 million to the Federal Reserve in connection with its forex investigation


  • Fines:
    • $550 million criminal fine to the DOJ
    • $342 million to the Federal Reserve in connection with its forex investigation

Royal Bank of Scotland

  • Fines:
    • $395 million criminal fine to the DOJ
    • $274 million to the Federal Reserve in connection with its forex investigation

Bank of America

  • Fines:
    • $205 million civil monetary penalty to the Federal Reserve

What Would You Do?

I’m reminded of something my father said when I told him of my goal to be an “institutional arbitrageur”.  Although still a sophomore in High School he granted me audience to explain why I was so focused and how I planned to achieve my goal – and asked if I could spell the word (lol).  After hours of debate I was given permission to apply for work-study credits.  His closing words have stayed with me to this day.

He said, “In baseball there are four bases, and the runner has to touch each base.  That’s it, it’s easy.  Just make sure you touch each base.  Play by the rules and allow nothing & no one shift your moral compass.  It was good advice which I’ve have stayed with me until this day.  I hope on some level my dad was proud that my eyes were never clouded by visions of quick money and he looks down from heaven with pride.

Well, I’ll continue to touch all four bases.  The world will keep revolving on its axis.  And the LIBOR fiasco will continue to be adjudicated.  I say this without a tinge of moral judgement.  Do as you wish and Godspeed.

Have a good day all.


Four bases or not,  I love Pink Floyd…..


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